Blockchain powered environmental hazardous waste management systems for a more sustainable better earth and future
Hazardous waste is destroying the world
The World Health Organization estimates that 15% of the waste produced by hospitals, doctors offices and urgent care facilities is hazardous. This type of material can be infectious, radioactive or toxic to the surrounding environment and to those who come in contact with it.
Remember Flint Michigan.
That’s why health care companies must explicitly state their objectives for handling hazardous waste.
Blockchain to the rescue ?
Hospitals, government agencies and small local businesses must know their role in waste management. Decision makers in a business and organization are responsible for keeping everyone from janitors to nurses to doctors to patients to customers to waste handlers to the people in their community safe from dangerous and hazardous waste. The Organizational Solutions, standards and policies should be clear and everyone can make the right informed decisions about waste management.
Follow the Legal Regulations and Standards
Some laws are slow to catch up to best practices. Organizations must at least follow the bare minimum standard for waste management. They should follow all federal, state and local regulations. These regulations and laws can be complex and can vary between jurisdictions, so adhere to the various plans and ensure they meet standard compliance regulations.
Every state has their own policies and standards, so make sure to look for regulations from the proper state and local agencies that oversee health and the environment.
Some states focus more heavily on one side or the other, some jurisdictions split the duties evenly amongst different agencies. Whatever rules these agencies put forth, you should ensure your plan abides by them.
Good waste management strategy
Follow state and local waste management rules and regulations.
However a good waste management strategy must also follow regulations from the federal government. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration sets rules about how employers should keep employees safe from harm, including when they are handling waste. These rules keep workers safe when they are on the job. It keeps customers safe. It keeps communities safe. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention also oversee medical waste and the regulations that must be in compliance with.
Policies and Laws that regulate toxic waste disposal are too numerous to list. They exist for the simple reason where If a person gets exposed to medical waste before it goes through decontamination, that person can become ill.
Sometimes dangerous toxic waste was used as part of a radiation treatment and is still radioactive. Other times the waste may be from bodily fluids from a person with a contagious disease. These illnesses can be as common as the flu or as deadly as Ebola.
Movies and shows like the walking dead or contagion or the many other alternatives love scaring people about these infectious diseases causing wide spread panic or an end of days zombie apocalypse. It’s good entertainment unless it was real life.
So imagine unprotected medical waste like needles and scalpels, things that would injure a person even when not toxic. And imagine that leaking or dumped and unprotected in a local steam or children’s playground. Or imagine a community drinking poisoned water like they did in Flint, Michigan.
Or think about some unprotected Needle from a place where it was used on a person with an infectious disease like HIV. That disease could transfer to another human. It will Cause panic in the streets. It’s not a zombie apocalypse, but it’s not good.
So if this hazardous waste can be harmful to human health, it’s vital that one of the main goals of waste management is minimizing these potential risks.
Waste management process
The process starts with disposing of waste in separate and safe receptacles. We’ve all seen hazardous plastic boxes in a hospital. But what happens to them ? Where do they go after it’s filled ? Big dumpster out back ? The entire process from that point should keep human health in mind until the waste is deemed safe and put in with the general trash.
How can blockchain help ?
Hazardous toxic waste with RFids and blockchain would be a Great use case. Add the automatous cars in the future and robotic process automation and robotic assembly line smart contracts and intelligent image recognition and suddenly you have an automated hazardous material identification tracking system from hospitals to waste treatment facilities to end of life storage areas.
Why does it matter ?
An improperly handled medical waste item or items can spread disease and cause outbreaks, or infect drinking water. Or poison farming soil. The CDC has guidelines for proper disposal as do other European and other organizations around the globe.
Blockchain and AI and IOT only work when the platform and system and image recognition models follow CDC guidelines and regulations whether you legally have to or not. Following Best practices is always a good strategy when it comes to intelligent waste management.
So toxic waste can hurt or even kill people, and blockchain can help improve waste management audit trails. But hazardous waste can also cause serious irreparable damage to the environment.
Imagine radioactive medical waste leaking to a local water table source, and thus flowing downstream into a river and lake and even ocean. The entire safe drinking water and soil for agriculture can ruin an entire lifecycle ecosystem. We know the oceans and plastic problem.
I grew up In a place where hospitals dumped their waste into big pipes that drained into the bays, rivers and oceans. And then traveled down the coast to local popular beaches. Kids running on the beach finding old dirty needles and hospital waste wasn’t a pretty sight. Nor was it safe. And I was a kid that found this trash. Other kids I knew stepped on these dirty needles and waste. Nasty and dangerous.
How will blockchain fix this ?
To keep such disasters and tragedies from happening, organizations need to follow best practices for environmental safety standards and policies. The goal of a smart contract AI enabled IoT blockchain system is to have an immutable redundant traceable and transparent automated rules engine, as well as a better logistical flow for medical waste management.
Being environmentally responsible also helps organizations meet other major goals and ideals. The safety of the environment and community directly affects people’s health. It changes DNA and the future for our children and grandchildren.
So What’s the difference between hazardous waste and solid waste ? Or is it the same thing ?
The terms “hazardous waste” and “solid waste” might seem relatively simple and even obvious, though the legal definitions set down by the Environmental Protection Agency are complex.
The EPA classifies all hazardous waste as solid waste; however, not all solid waste is hazardous. Proper waste handling is important to many small businesses, including food service, manufacturing and car repair.
Solid waste consists of garbage, refuse or abandoned materials, while hazardous waste is solid waste that can cause harmful effects to human life or the environment.
Some businesses have little to worry about when it comes to hazardous waste. A computer programmer or web developer might throw a bunch of SOWs or functional or technical requirements into their cubicle trash can. They probably throw other non important papers and forms and reports too. This solid waste that is not hazardous at all. It’s simply trash. Or recyclable waste. They may need more privacy and company secret polices in place for tang though.
Other businesses or individuals may need to be careful how they handle waste because of potential harm to people or nature. Jiffy lube(car oil change company in the US) must securely store used oil and other chemicals and hire a
licensed waste management company to haul it away.
Blockchain blockchain and AI and IOT. And Pagarba.
An environmental management system addresses the environmental impact of an organization’s activities and establishes goals and procedures that will improve the impact it has on the environment and human health.
Establishing some form of environmental management system ensures that organizations maintain compliance with federal environmental regulations.
These may include the Clean Water Act, the Clean Air Act and the Toxic Substances Control Act.
Blockchain for better and safer Public Health
Now imagine a blockchain and AI powered environmental management system that has built in smart contracts that automates and enables the protection of public health and safety by creating these smart contract rules and procedures to limit or eliminate harmful substances from entering the environment, including public water systems.
Every organization in some way affects the environment, which directly affects public health.
A blockchain and AI powered environmental management system is an ever changing scalable, immutable, Traceable, transparency enabled and image recognition automated platform that adheres to federal, state and local environmental policies and it follows a agile continuous development continuous integration process workflow that seeks to continually lessen negative impacts on the environment and communities.
A more sustainable future earth.
Blockchain and AI.
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Reddit Launches some loot tokens for reputation and rewards on ethereum.
2 new types of loot tokens have been created. It’s a token on the Ethereum blockchain that is earnable within a community rather than purchased. They signaled that their plan to pivot the company’s monetization strategy more towards crypto. Interesting tidbit. And This overall initiative is referred to as “Community Points” and builds on the early experiments from /r/Ethtrader donuts.
What are the two loot tokens called?
Reddit launched “Moons” ($MOONS)
for /r/Cryptocurrency and
“Bricks” ($BRICKS) for /r/ForniteBR
I wonder how they plan on getting away with “bricks” considering LEGO uses bricks and such and doesn’t really like when people use their lingo for business revenue.
The tokens are available on specific subreddits on the new Reddit theme and in the app.
Users will be able to access the tokens in their Reddit “vault” an in-app ERC20 wallet available on both iOS and Android.
Basically a crypto wallet in a sense.
Reddit will distribute these tokens initially based on Reddit Karma to represent compensation for the value that users have contributed to the community overtime.
Reddit itself will keep a portion of the tokens in each subreddit, and award a small portion to the community moderators for managing the subreddit.
On the launch day there will be an initial distribution of 50M tokens covering previous activity in the subreddit, and then the remaining tokens will be distributed month over month diminishing with each monthly distribution until it hits its cap of 250M tokens for each individual subreddit.
Reddit has indicated that the community will also have some ability to govern the model of distribution with in each independent subreddit.
What can you do with Reddit Loot ?
The Community Points Program issues a type of loot token on the Ethereum blockchain. So you can earn loot in the community as well as redeem it within the same community.
One major usage is using these tokens to tip other users. You can also buy badges and awards, take part in weighted polls, or buy a special membership to each particular subreddit (that gives you a colored user name, specialty loyalty badges, and the ability to embed gif replies in your comments.)
Economics of the loot tokens
The economic model has three key points:
1) Number of tokens issued diminishes over time, and can only be earned from human effort.
2) All future human effort earns less tokens than all prior human effort. There is a hard cap of 250M tokens in a subreddit. There will never be more than 250M $MOON tokens.
3) Every time $MOON tokens are used to buy badges, memberships or for any other action on Reddit, they are burned. (destroyed !).
The price of an asset increases as supply lowers and demand increases
So the more active a community is and the more value it creates for its users, the less tokens will exist over time.
Tokens will have a lower supply, but, a greater demand.
Any other usages ?
Moons and Bricks are both ERC20 tokens on the Ethereum blockchain, you can do whatever you want with them.
In the Reddit app your wallet is a full Ethereum wallet that has a private key and recovery phrase. You are able to use that wallet anywhere you would normally use an Ethereum wallet by exporting it.
This means that once you claim your tokens you own them and no one else has access to them. Not even Reddit.
While these tokens started their journey with Reddit, they ultimately represent value created within a specific interest group, and could start to proliferate across other mediums.
If you want to list your tokens on exchanges to sell, you can do that too.
While Reddit is very likely to continue exploring new features to redeem these tokens for, the tokens are fully decentralized and can be used by anyone in anyway.
Interesting stuff and use case.
- Zcash Foundation plans to bring its privacy features to the Cosmos ecosystem.
- The project will utilize “pegzones” to add an anonymity layer to cross-chain transactions.
- This will allow shielding assets, transfers and staking across blockchains.
- It will be possible to move Zcash from one blockchain to the other.
Blockchain being used for music and streaming and payments . Grammy-nominated singer Akon will launch his forthcoming token using Stellar’s blockchain.
According to an update , the Akoin cryptocurrency ecosystem will use Stellar’s network as its basis. Akoin co-founder and president Jon Karas said the decision was made in part due to the shared values between his project and Stellar.
“ Akoin selected Stellar’s distributed, hybrid blockchain due to a shared vision for creating global financial inclusion, particularly in areas such as Africa.”
The update claims Akoin will be compatible with Stellar wallets and interoperable with all digital assets and currencies currently supported by the Stellar network. Karas highlighted the Stellar Network’s “efficient cross-asset transfers of value” as a benefit for Akoin and said users will be able to instantly swap from one currency to another.
In addition, users will be able to exchange mobile phone minutes, which have become a popular means for exchange in certain parts of Africa, for Akoin and other currencies on Stellar’s network.
According to a spokesperson for the project, Akoin will not be a stablecoin and instead have a fluctuating price. He said,
“ Akoin is not a stablecoin, but we will provide access to other leading stablecoin offerings within our eco-system.”